on researches on palm kernel shell ash

on researches on palm kernel shell ash

ISSN: 2456-9992 Palm Kernel Shell Ash As A Soil ...

Palm Kernel Shell Ash:The Palm kernel Shell used as a starting material for this research was sourced from a mini palm oil producing factory in Umuahia, Abia State Nigeria. The Shell was machine cracked and freshly dumped. The dump site comprises of red soils and the collected sample was washed and allowed to dry before proceeding to lab. ...

Mechanical and Durability Properties of Palm Kernel Shell ...

D. Palm Kernel Shell Ash The PKSA used for this experiment was obtained from village. The material was gathered and spread out dry for 24 hours before burning in an open air environment. Then the ash was taken to the laboratory and sieved using sieve number 0.425mm. E. Water Potable water accessible within the campus

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This work reports the potential of using Palm Kernel (PK) ash and shell as a partial substitute for Portland Cement (PC) and coarse aggregate in the development of mortar and concrete. PK ash and ...

Effect of palm kernel shells ash as filler on the ...

of waste reduction and reuse. This paper therefore studies the physical properties of palm kernel shell ash as filler with respect to the requirements for hot mix asphalt concrete. The marshal stability test made with varying percentages of palm kernel shell ash (PKA) and indirect tensile strength test were also investigated[16,17].

THE USE OF PALM KERNEL SHELL ASH AS CEMENT

(2019) The use of palm kernel shell ash as cement replacement in concrete In: Laryea, S. and Essah, E. (Eds) Procs West Africa Built Environment Research (WABER) Conference, 5-7 August 2019, Accra, Ghana, 1138-1158

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Palm kernel shell ash (PKSA) is a by-product in palm oil mills. This ash has pozzolanic properties that enables it as a partial replacement for cement but also plays an important role in the ...

Investigation of the Strength Properties of Palm Kernel ...

ETASR - Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research Vol. 2, No. 6, 2012, 315-319 316 etasr Olutoge et al: Investigation of the Strength Properties of Palm Kernel Shell Ash Concrete which improves durability and the mechanical properties of concrete [7]. PKSA has the potential to be used as a construction material.

THE USE OF PALM KERNEL SHELL ASH AS AN ADMIXTURE IN

problem of the ash, this research studies was carried out to examine the feasibility of using the Palm kernel ash as cement replacement materials. Palm kernel is a by- product in palm oil mil. After palm oil is extracted from the palm oil fruits, palm kernel shells are burned in the boiler of palm oil mill.

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PDF | On Apr 30, 2018, C. G. Ottos and others published Palm Karnel Shell Ash as a Partial Replacement for Cement in the Production of Paving Blocks

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2.23 Supply of palm kernel shells In west Malaysia a research was conducted by Forest Research Institute and found out that, the supply of palm kernel shells to both Rawang Plant and Kantang Plant had been erratic and inadequate to meet the replacement need of fossil fuel by palm kernel shell in

Sustainability of Palm Kernel Shell Ash (PKSA) as SCM in ...

mixture. A lot researches had been done on the use of mineral additives other than PKSA such as: High – volume natural pozzolana and lime stone [4], Coconut shell aggregate [5], Palm oil fuel ash [3],rice husk ash, sawdust and palm kernel shell,[6]; Groundnut Shell

THE USE OF PALM KERNEL SHELL ASH AS AN ADMIXTURE

problem of the ash, this research studies was carried out to examine the feasibility of using the Palm kernel ash as cement replacement materials. Palm kernel is a by- product in palm oil mil. After palm oil is extracted from the palm oil fruits, palm kernel shells are burned in the boiler of palm oil mill.

UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION, WINNEBA THE USE OF PALM

This research seeks to study the possibility of utilizing palm kernel shell ash (PKSA) as cement extender in concrete production. The study aimed at finding the chemical composition of PKSA, strength and durability properties of concrete produced from OPC with partial replacement of

Investigation of the Strength Properties of Palm Kernel ...

ETASR - Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research Vol. 2, No. 6, 2012, 315-319 316 etasr Olutoge et al: Investigation of the Strength Properties of Palm Kernel Shell Ash Concrete which improves durability and the mechanical properties of concrete [7]. PKSA has the potential to be used as a construction material.

The Use of Palm Kernel Shell and Ash for Concrete Production

3) Palm Kernel Shell and Ash Palm kernel shell is a waste product of the palm mill industry; this industry extracts oil from oil palms fruits. The palm kernel shell used in this current work was supplied by a local contractor. Palm kernel shell are hard, flaky and

(PDF) Palm Kernel Shell Ash Stabilization of Reclaimed ...

Palm kernel shell ashBulk sample of palm kernel shell was obtained from Ikpa-Isong palm oil mill at Ikono L.G.A, Akwa Ibom State (latitude: 4 o 56 50 N and longitude: 8 o 3 42 E), Nigeria. The palm kernel shells were brought to the mechanical laboratory at the University of Agriculture, Makurdi and burnt properly to ashes using blast furnace to ...

(PDF) EFFECT OF PALM KERNEL SHELL ASH ON COMPACTION ...

palm kernel shell a sh (PKSA) which is r elatively inexpensive and readily available locally through the. burning o f palm kernel s h ell as stabilizing age n t. S oil stabilization is aimed at ...

Study of the Structural and Mechanical Properties of ...

Palm kernel shell ash and recycled high density polyethylene were adopted as the base materials for this research. Palm kernel shell ash served as the reinforcement while recycled high densitypolyethylene served as the polymer matrix. Equipment used for this research were industrial sieves, injection moulding machine, electronic compact

(DOC) properties and the use of palm kernel shells as ...

2.23 Supply of palm kernel shells In west Malaysia a research was conducted by Forest Research Institute and found out that, the supply of palm kernel shells to both Rawang Plant and Kantang Plant had been erratic and inadequate to meet the replacement need of fossil fuel by palm kernel shell in

Proximate and physicochemical composition of oil palm ...

Genus: Elaeis, Species: Guineensis [3]. The processing intermediates from fresh fruit bunch (FFB) of oil palm are chaff, palm kernel press fibre (PPF), nut and palm kernel shell (PKS). The by-products include palm kernel cake, palm pressed fibre, palm oil mill effluent, empty fruit bunches chaff and decanter cake [4]. In a typical palm oil mill ...

Investigation of the properties of self-compacting ...

Palm kernel shell ash (PKSA) the tests is as follows: Palm kernel shell ash used was obtained locally and incinerated at about 420°C in an oven chamber and grinded to powder passing mixer. Thereafter, cement (pozzolanic materials), palm kerne through 0.150 mm sieve (EFNARC 2002, section 4.10). The chemical compositions are provided in Table 1.

Advances in oil palm shell fibre reinforced thermoplastic ...

Oct 09, 2021 · OPS is a hard endocarp of the fruit of oil palm trees surrounding the palm seed .Microindentation tests to evaluate the Vickers hardness (HV) revealed that the HV of OPS ranged from 24.6 to 26.0 . Fig. 1 depicts the origin of OPS as a solid bio-waste generated from an oil palm tree. The figure also presents the charcoal, activated carbon, and ash as derivative materials yielded from the ...

Influence of temperature on the chemical compositions and ...

Dec 01, 2020 · Raw palm kernel shell was pulverized and was turned to ash at different temperature in a furnace. • The moisture content, ash content and the density of the raw sample were obtained to be 6.56%, 8.86% and 745 kg/m 3.. Temperature increment affects the colour of the samples.

ARTICLE Influence of Selected Curing Techniques on ...

The palm kernel shells utilized in this study were ob-tained from a palm oil processing plant in Akure's south-ern region (Ondo Road – Aba Oyo I, Adebowale area). The ash from Palm Kernel was generated by controlled burning (750 °C) in a kiln at the Federal University of Technology, Akure's Department of Mechanical Engineering.

Mechanical Properties of Palm Kernel Shell Ash Reinforced ...

achieve this goal [2]. Palm kernel shell (PKS) is the hard endo-carp of palm kernel fruit that surrounds the palm seed [3]. It is obtained as crushed pieces after threshing or crushing to re-move the seed which is used in the production of palm kernel oil [3]. It is light and therefore ideal for substitution as aggre-

EFFECTS OF PALM KERNEL SHELL ASH ON LIME-STABILIZED ...

high porosity. Research has been conducted to see whether they can make suitable stabilizing agents for the improvement of soils for civil engineering construction, Ekeocha and Agwuncha (2014). According to Adeyemi and Joseph (2015), palm kernel shells have very low ash and sulphur content. Palm kernel shell ash (PKSA) is a by-product of the ...

Effectiveness of Palm Kernel Shell Ash Concrete Reinforced ...

Palm kernel shell ash (PKSA) has the potential to be used as a construction material. PKSA is the ash produced from husk fibre and shell of palm oil burning by generation plant boiler which generates energy to be used in palm oil mill to extract palm oil [7].

Effect of Palm Oil Fuel Ash (POFA) on Strength Properties ...

A.2 Palm Oil Fuel Ash (POFA) Palm Oil Fuel Ash is the product of burning palm oil husk and palm kernel shell in the palm oil mill. POFA obtained from Oil Palm India Limited, Kottayam in Kerala was used in the investigation. The specific gravity of Palm oil fuel ash was 1.65.The chemical

Experimental Investigation of Lime Treated Palm Kernel ...

This experimental research is focused on the effect of concrete made by incorporating lime treated Palm Kernel Shell (PKS) & Sugarcane Bagasse Ash (SCBA) as partial replacements of coarse aggregates and Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) respectively. An experimental analysis for concrete grade 30 with a mix design ratio of 1:1.97:3.71 of cement:fine aggregates:coarse aggregates with a constant ...

MATHEMATICAL MODELS FOR EVALUATING THE INFLUENCE

palm kernel shell ash before pulverizing and ball milling. Sieving of the ball-milled palm kernel shell ash (PKSA) was carried out using a set of sieves to obtain –150 + 106 μm using a sieve shaker that operates at 1500 min–1 for 15 min. The final particle size that was used for this research was 150 μm. 2.2. Preparation of mold and ...

Production and Characterization of Zinc-Aluminium, Silicon ...

Palm kernel Shell Ash (PKSA) comes from palm trees. Palm tree is a sub-tropical evergreen plant Elasis guineesis called Africa palm oil which grows in Hawaii, Nigeria, Malaysia and Australia.. The nut from the palm tree has a husk-red colour indicating maturity for usage. It is very fatty and edible.

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS ON THE MECHANICAL

The research presents the comparative analysis on the mechanical properties of a Metal-Matrix Composite (MMC) reinforced with palm kernel/periwinkle shell ash for automobile applications. Four specimens consisting of Sample A (300g of aluminum), Sample B (295% of aluminium,

Advances in oil palm shell fibre reinforced thermoplastic ...

Oct 09, 2021 · OPS is a hard endocarp of the fruit of oil palm trees surrounding the palm seed .Microindentation tests to evaluate the Vickers hardness (HV) revealed that the HV of OPS ranged from 24.6 to 26.0 . Fig. 1 depicts the origin of OPS as a solid bio-waste generated from an oil palm tree. The figure also presents the charcoal, activated carbon, and ash as derivative materials yielded from the ...

Proximate and physicochemical composition of oil palm ...

Genus: Elaeis, Species: Guineensis [3]. The processing intermediates from fresh fruit bunch (FFB) of oil palm are chaff, palm kernel press fibre (PPF), nut and palm kernel shell (PKS). The by-products include palm kernel cake, palm pressed fibre, palm oil mill effluent, empty fruit bunches chaff and decanter cake [4]. In a typical palm oil mill ...

PALM KERNEL HUSK BRIQUETTES AS AN ALTERNATIVE SOURCE

Jun 07, 2018 · This study describes the utilisation of palm kernel husk briquettes as an alternative source of energy. In several developing countries, briquettes from agricultural residues contribute significantly to the energy mix especially for small scale and household requirements. In this work, briquettes were produced from Palm kernel shell.

Use of Coconut Shell as an Aggregate in ... - Share research

International Journal of Scientific Engineering and Technology ISSN :2277-1581 Volume No.4 Issue No.9, pp: 476-477 01 Sept. 2015 Use of Coconut Shell as an Aggregate in Concrete: a Review Sourav Ghosal and S.C.Moulik Department of Civil Engineering, KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha-751024, India Corresponding E mail: [email protected] Abstract: Now-a-days, the rising cost

Effects of Palm Kernel Shell Ash on Lime-Stabilized ...

The research investigated the effects of palm kernel shell ash (PKSA) on lime-stabilized lateritic soil. Preliminary tests were performed on three soil samples, i.e., L1, L2 and L3 for identification; the results showed that L1 was A-7-6, L2 was A-7-6, and L3 was A-7-6. The optimum amount of lime for each of the soil samples was achieved. The optimum amount for L1 was 10%, for L2, 8% and for ...

Strength Comparison of Palm Kernel Shell (PKS) and Corn ...

Palm Kernel Shell (PKS) and Corn cob (CC). The results in table 1 reveal that the mean weights are different at varying percentages of Palm Kernel Shell (PKS) and granite. It is discovered that the highest weight (7.91) is recorded when Palm Kernel Shell (PKS) is 0% and granite is 100% (control), the next one closer to the control weight is